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The Mexican State of Tamaulipas is situated in the central-northeastern part of Mexico. Its capital is Ciudad Victoria. The state is home to the following influential cities: Reynosa, Matamoros, Nuevo Laredo, and Tampico. To the east Tamaulipas borders the Gulf of Mexico, Veracruz to the south, San Luis Potosí to the south-west, and Nuevo León to the west. Tamaulipas also shares a United States-Mexico border with Texas to the north. The northern, central, eastern, and southeastern regions are covered by hills and plains and the western and southwestern regions are composed of large mountain ranges (including the Sierra Madre Oriental, the San Carlos, Tamaulipas, Maratines, Pamoranes, and San José de las Rucias Sierras). The climate of Tamaulipas is relatively warm due to its proximity to the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The area of Tamaulipas is 30,822 square miles with a population of around 3 million persons. The economy is diversely composed of agriculture (which occupies half of the state’s land), fishing, tourism, manufacturing, trade activities, transportation and communications, and finance and insurance.

Tamaulipas shares ten ports of entry with the United States, all of which are shared with Texas. They include Laredo, Texas with Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas; Falcon Heights, Texas with Presa Falcón, Tamaulipas; Roma, Texas with Ciudad Miguel Alemán, Tamaulipas; Rio Grande City, Texas with Ciudad Camargo, Tamaulipas; Mission, Texas with Reynosa, Tamaulipas; Hidalgo, Texas with Reynosa, Tamaulipas; Pharr, Texas with Reynosa, Tamaulipas; Progreso Lakes, Texas with Nuevo Progreso, Tamaulipas; Los Indios, Texas with Matamoros, Tamaulipas; and Brownsville, Texas with Matamoros, Tamaulipas. Along Tamaulipas’ border with the United States, there are around 350 assembly plants which employ over 150,000 workers. These assembly plants manufacture acrylic fiber, plastic resins, synthetic rubber, and polymers. The production of these products has created dangerous toxic waste. NAFTA and other environmental agencies have led bi-national approaches to solving the environmental issues.

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